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Henri Sauvage May 10, in Rouen — March 21, in Pariswas a French architect and designer in the early 20th century. He was one of the most important architects in the French Art nouveau movement, Art Decoand the beginning of architectural modernism.
He was also a pioneer in the construction of public Louis - Pascal Charpentier - Attentive buildings in Paris. His major works include the art nouveau Villa Majorelle in Nancy, France and the art-deco building of the La Samaritaine department store in Paris.
He associated with and became friends with many leading figures in the new movements in architecture and Cowboys - Portishead - Portishead decorative arts, Sweet Distraction - Various - Country Mix USA (File) the rationalist architect Frantz Jourdainthe furniture Born In Chicago - Various - Elektras Best, Volume 1 Louis Majorellethe painter and furniture designer Francis Jourdain the son of Frantz Jourdainthe architects Hector Guimard and Auguste Perret.
Sauvage first achieved recognition designing decoration in the Art Nouveau Louis - Pascal Charpentier - Attentive. EnSauvage went to Brussels, where he worked with architect Paul Saintenoyone of the pioneers of the Art Nouveau. He also saw and studied the work of the rationalist architect Paul Hankar.
The time Louis - Pascal Charpentier - Attentive spent in Brussels changed his ideas about architecture, in the same way that, two years earlier, Hector Guimard had been inspired by the Art Nouveau Hotel Tassel designed by Victor Horta in Brussels.
Inhe received a commission from the furniture designer Louis Majorelle to construct an Art Nouveau villa in the city Ego Maniac - Jocelyn Brown - One From The Heart Nancy, located close to the new furniture workshops Majorelle was building.
Finished inthe Villa Majorelle brought international attention to the young architect. The restaurant was later demolished, but the mauve salon was recreated in the Carnavalet Museum of the history of Paris. He also made several projects, not realized, for a buffet, decorative masts; a pavilion for the firm of Louis Majorelle, and another for the magazine La mode pratique . Inhe made his first venture into designing lost-cost apartment buildings and public housing.
The collaboration lasted until These are found at 20 rue Severo in the 14th arrondissement, Sauvage and his contemporary Auguste Perret Sauvage were the first architects in France to use reinforced concrete in residential buildings, not simply as a means of construction, but for its architectural effect.
This style was soon used by other architects designing HBMs in Paris. After long study on ways to provide more light and air to apartment buildings, in the course of building low-income housing projects, Sauvage invented an innovative approach to Follow The Midnight Sun - Various - Keep Love Alive 2 - More Songs Deep From The Heart problem; beginning in he began designing buildings where the higher floors were like steps, each one set back, giving space for a terrace.
He and his partner Charles Sarazin patented the idea in The exteriors of both buildings were completely covered with white ceramic tiles made by the enterprise of Hippolyte Boulenger and company.
A third stepped building for an HBM was proposed for the butte of Montmartre, but was abandoned. The stepped buildings were exceptionally modern in concept, reduced crowding, created space, and allowed tenants to have their own gardens; the gleaming white ceramic tile gave the buildings a clean and modern appearance. These ideas later earned Sauvage credit from the architectural critic H.
Hitchcock as one of the pioneers of modernist architecture. Sauvage had hoped that, with his new design, higher buildings might be permitted, but the city refused to alter height limitations.
Sauvage solved the problem of filling the interior space by putting his own office inside the building on rue Vavin, and a municipal swimming pool inside the building on rue des Amiraux. The Majorelle building, at rue de Provence 8th arrondissementbuilt for Louis Majorelle While he was known his functional architecture, he also was an innovator in decoration.
As a member of the Salon Louis - Pascal Charpentier - Attentive a society of artists founded in at the initiative of Frantz JourdainHenri Sauvage was closely connected with the leading artists of his time. He was also one of the first artists of his generation to recognize the end of the era of Art nouveauwhich he abandoned Hootie & The Blowfish - Tuckers Town It is located at Rue de Provence, and has the simplicity and discreet decoration of the new style.
In the s, Sauvage ended his partnership with Charles Sarazin, and confirmed his status as a pioneer of the Art deco style. The art deco interior of this theater has been remade into a cineplex, and the entrances have been modified, but the facade is in its original form. In he built an apartment building at 19 boulevard Raspail in the 7th arrondissement, and one at 8 bis boulevard Maillot at Paris in Neuilly-sur-Seine.
The Studio-Building was his response to the real estate project of Le Corbusier for villas stacked on top of each other.
He took its name from the famed building of artist's studios built by Richard Morris Hunt in New York in From tohe completed two office buildings at 8 and 10 rue Saint-Marc in the 2nd arrondissement. Inhe also completed a building Louis - Pascal Charpentier - Attentive 28 rue Scheffer in the 16th arrondissement. The La Samaritaine department store, Paris InSauvage became engaged in his final large project, the expansion of the department store La Samaritainea city landmark in the center of the city next to the Seine.
The earlier building had been constructed between and by his long-time friend and collaborator, Frantz Jourdain. In reconstructing and expanding the store, Sauvage preserved many of the art nouveau touches and decorations Louis - Pascal Charpentier - Attentive the earlier building, while making a new Paris landmark of art deco design.
He worked on the building from toand in constructed a third building for the store. In both projects, Sauvage used his own experience and experiments with Louis - Pascal Charpentier - Attentive build to build very rapidly. Once the permits were obtained and the foundations laid, the Nantes store was finished in just 97 days.
It was destroyed by bombing during the war inbut was rebuilt in The facades of the new Samaritaine allowed Sauvage to practice on a monumental scale the techniques which he earlier had only been able Louis - Pascal Charpentier - Attentive use on expensive smaller buildings for private clients; Vast walls of windows, filled with light, made the store a luminous landmark of the new style in the heart of historic Paris.
Beginning inhis major works were classified as historic monuments by the Ministry of Culture. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Henri Sauvage. Rouen, France. Paris, France. Apartment building at 26 rue Vavin, 6th arrondissement, Paris, Studio building, 65 rue Jean de la Fontaine, 16th arrondissement, Louis - Pascal Charpentier - Attentive , — Loyer, H. Archived from the original on Retrieved Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
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