Label: Philips - 442 411-2 • Series: Philips Digital Classics,Solo • Format: CD • Country: Germany • Genre: Classical • Style: Contemporary
The Symphony No. A solo Lento. Sostenuto Tranquillo Ma Cantabile - Górecki* - Symphony No. 3 sings Polish texts in each of the three movements. The dominant themes of the symphony are motherhood and separation through war. Despite a political climate that was unfavorable to modern art often denounced as " formalist " by the communist authoritiespost-war Polish composers enjoyed an unprecedented degree of compositional freedom following the establishment of the Warsaw Autumn festival in Dygacz presented four songs which had been recorded in the Silesia region in south-western Poland.
He said "for me, it is a wonderfully poetic text. I do not know if a 'professional' poet would create such a powerful entity out of such terse, simple words. It is not sorrow, despair or resignation, or the I Wonder As I Wander (Mono) - Mahalia Jackson - Silent Night - Songs For Christmas of hands: it is just the great grief and lamenting of a mother who has lost her son.
Immaculate Queen of Heaven, you support me always. The composer recalled, "I have to admit that I have always been irritated by grand words, by calls for revenge. Perhaps in the face of death I would shout out in this way. But the sentence I found is different, almost an apology or explanation for having got herself into such trouble; she is seeking comfort and support in simple, short but meaningful words".
Adults were writing this, while here it is an eighteen-year-old girl, almost a child. And she is so different. She does not despair, does not cry, does not scream for revenge. She does not think about herself; whether she deserves her fate or not. Instead, she only thinks about her mother: because it is her mother who will experience true despair. This inscription was something extraordinary.
And it really fascinated me. While looking for a third that would continue the theme, he decided on a midth-century folk song from the southern city of Opole. So now I had three acts, three persons Originally, I wanted to frame these texts with an introduction and a conclusion. The symphony is constructed around simple harmonies, set Lento. Sostenuto Tranquillo Ma Cantabile - Górecki* - Symphony No. 3 a neo- modal style  which makes use of the medieval musical modes, but does not adhere strictly to medieval rules of composition.
A performance ppKpp - EMPIRE OF VAMPIRES - QWERTY QUEST lasts about 54 minutes. Ronald Blum describes the piece as "mournful, like Mahlerbut without the bombast of percussion, horns and Break Free - Dry Spell - Dry Spell, just the sorrow of strings and the lone soprano".
For most of the score, these are in turn divided into two parts, each notated on a separate staff. Thus the string writing is mainly in ten different parts, on ten separate staves. In some sections some of these parts are divided even further into separate parts, which are written on the same staff, so that ten staves are still used for a greater number of parts. Unusually, the score omits oboesEnglish hornsbass clarinetsand trumpets.
The bassoons, contrabassoons, and trombones play only in the first movement, and only for a few bars bassoons and contrabassoons: — and —; trombones: — and — The musicologist Adrian Thomas notes that the symphony lacks dissonance outside of modal inflections that is, occasional use of pitches that fall outside the modeand that it does not require nonstandard techniques or virtuosic playing.
Thomas further observes that "there is no second-hand stylistic referencing, although if predecessors were to be sought they might be found, distantly removed, in the music of composers as varied as BachSchubertTchaikovskyand even Debussy. Comprising three thematic sections, the movement opens with a canon based on a bar theme, which is repeated several times. The canon begins in 2 parts; then, for each repetition of the theme, an extra part is added, until the canon is in eight parts with the top two parts doubled at the octave, making for ten voices totalusing a bar melody in the Aeolian mode on E.
It begins with the double basses, 2nd part, with each succeeding entry occurring one measure later i. That means that each appearance of the melody in a new part is in a different mode, in this order:. After the 8-part canon is played, it is repeated, with the 1st parts of the 1st and 2nd violins silent up to this point doubling the other violin parts an octave higher.
The soprano enters on the same note in the second section and builds to a climax on the final word, at which point the strings enter forcefully with the climax of the opening canon. The movement thus ends with the lower strings, and the piano briefly recalling the second section of the movement. I wanted the girl's monologue as if Lento. Sostenuto Tranquillo Ma Cantabile - Górecki* - Symphony No.
3 Thomas describes the effect as "almost cinematic The movement is resolved when the strings hold a chord without diminuendo China Boy - New Era Dixielanders - New Orleans nearly one and a half minutes. The final words of the movement are the first two lines of the Polish Ave Mariasung twice on a repeated pitch by the soprano.
The tempo of the third movement is similar to that of the previous two, and subtle changes Lento. Sostenuto Tranquillo Ma Cantabile - Górecki* - Symphony No. 3 dynamism and mode make it more complex and involving than it may at first appear. With a duration of approximately seventeen minutes, it comprises three verses in A minor  and, like the first movement, is constructed from evolving variations on a simple motif.
The melody is established in the opening verse, and the second and third verses revisit the cradling motifs of the second movement.
As in the second movement, the motifs are built up from inversions of plain triads and seventh chords stretching across several octaves. As the soprano sings the final words, the key changes to a pure diatonic A major which accompanies, in writer David Ellis's words, the "ecstatic final stanza": . The orchestra returns to A minor before a final postlude in A major.
Instead, he maintained that the work is an evocation of the ties between mother and child. The symphony alludes to each of the main historical and political developments in Poland's history from Lento. Sostenuto Tranquillo Ma Cantabile - Górecki* - Symphony No. 3 14th century tothe year of its composition. What is more, each of the three movements appears to represent a different age. The composer seems to have created three separate and discrete "chapters" in his summary of Poland's history.
I had a grandfather who was in Dachau, an aunt in Auschwitz. You know how it is between Poles and Germans. But Bach was a German too—and Schubert, and Strauss. Everyone has his place on this little earth. That's all behind me.
The symphony was first recorded in Poland in by the soprano Stefania Woytowicz. Inthe French filmmaker Maurice Pialat featured a section of the third movement in the ending credits of his movie Police. When the work was later repackaged as a " soundtrack album ", it sold well. The fall of communism helped to spread the popularity of Polish music generally, and by the symphony was being performed in major cities such as New York, London and Sydney.
Within two years, the recording had sold more thancopies worldwide;  the recording climbed to number 6 on the mainstream UK album charts,  and while it did not When Youre In Love - Russ Columbo - The Films Of Russ Columbo on the US Billboardit stayed at the top of the US classical charts for 38 weeks and stayed on for weeks.
Michael Steinberg described the Lento. Sostenuto Tranquillo Ma Cantabile - Górecki* - Symphony No. 3 success as essentially a phenomenon of the compact discand while live performances are still given, they do not always sell out. Stephen Johnson, writing in A guide to the symphonywondered whether the commercial success of the work was "a flash in the pan" or would turn out to have lasting significance. How many CD buyers discover that fifty-four minutes of very slow music with a little singing in a language they don't understand is more than they want?
Is it being played as background music to Chardonnay and brie? The appearance of the movie in rescued us all from the necessity. Somehow I hit the right note, something they were missing.
Something, somewhere had been lost to them. I feel that I instinctively knew what they needed. At least a dozen recordings were issued in the wake of the success of the Nonesuch recording, and the work enjoyed significant exposure in a number of artistic media worldwide. The work was repeatedly used by filmmakers in the s and onwards to elicit a sense of pathos or sorrow, including as an accompaniment to a plane crash in Peter Weir 's Fearlessand in the soundtrack to Julian Schnabel 's Basquiat From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Symphony No. New York Times. Retrieved Naturlaut 4 1 : 2—7, Retrieved 22 June CD Times. Retrieved on 19 June Le Chercheur de traces. Retrieved on 7 July Chicago Sun-Times26 June The Flying Inkpot9 December Retrieved on 22 June Critique The New York Times Magazine.
Retrieved 3 October Musica 31, no. Da schleift einer drei alte Volksliedmelodien und sonst nichts 55 endlose Minuten lang. His mother went to the river of God Tuoni, found the corpse of her dead son and brought him back to life. Louis Post-DispatchJuly 7, Retrieved 29 May Stanley Sadie.
London : Macmillan,v. BBC Music Magazine. Polish Music Journal. Archived from the original on 18 October
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