Label: RSO - 2658128.3 • Format: 2x, Vinyl LP, Album Laminated Gatefold Cover • Country: Peru • Genre: Rock, Pop, Stage & Screen • Style: Pop Rock, Soundtrack
It was lauded by critics for its innovations in production, songwriting and graphic design, for bridging a cultural divide between popular music and high artand for providing a musical representation of contemporary counterculture. In Augustthe Beatles permanently retired from touring and began a three-month holiday.
During a return flight to London in November, Paul McCartney had an idea for a song involving an Edwardian military band that formed the impetus of the Sgt. Pepper concept. In Februaryafter recording the title track " Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band ", McCartney suggested that the Beatles should release an entire album representing a performance by the fictional Sgt.
Pepper band. This alter ego group would give them the freedom to experiment musically. During the recording sessions, the band furthered the technological progression they had made with their album Revolver. Knowing they would not have to perform the tracks live, they adopted an experimental approach to composition and recording on songs such as " A Day in the Life ", " Being for the Benefit of Mr. Producer George Martin and engineer Geoff Emerick helped realise the group's ideas by approaching Lyra Celtica - John Foulds, Susan Bickley, Daniel Hope, City Of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Sakar Good Morning as an instrumentapplying orchestral overdubssound Right Here In My Arms - HIM - And Love Said No: The Greatest Hits 1997-2004 and other methods of tape manipulation.
Recording was completed on 21 April The cover, depicting the Beatles posing in front of a tableau of celebrities and historical figures, was designed by the British pop artists Peter Blake and Jann Haworth. Pepper is regarded by musicologists as an early concept album Good Morning advanced the use of extended Good Morning in popular music while continuing the artistic maturation seen on the Beatles' preceding releases.
An important work of British psychedeliathe album incorporates a range of stylistic influences, including vaudevillecircusmusic hallavant-gardeand Western and Indian classical music. It is described as one of the first art rock LPs, aiding the development of progressive rockand is credited with marking the beginning of the album era. Inthe Library of Congress placed Sgt.
Pepper in the National Recording Registry as "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". As ofit has sold more than 32 million copies worldwide, making it one of the best-selling albums of all time, and it remains the UK's best-selling studio album.
Professor Kevin Dettmar, Good Morning - Various - Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band in The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literaturedescribed it as "the most important and influential rock-and-roll album ever recorded". Bythe Beatles had grown weary of live performance. Beatles concerts are nothing to do with music anymore.
They're just bloody tribal rites. Your life is in danger. The group were angry with their manager, Brian Epsteinfor insisting on Good Morning they regarded as an exhausting and demoralising itinerary. The publication in the Good Morning of Lennon's remarks about the Beatles being " more popular than Jesus " then embroiled the band in controversy and protest in America's Bible Belt.
To the Beatles, playing such concerts had become a charade so remote from the new directions they were pursuing that not ByTikZyz* - Tradicinių Šokių Muzika single tune was attempted from the just-released Revolver LP, whose arrangements were for the most part impossible to reproduce with the limitations imposed by their two-guitars-bass-and-drums stage lineup.
On the Beatles' return to England, rumours began to circulate that they had decided to break up. While in London without his bandmates, McCartney took the hallucinogenic drug LSD or "acid" for the first time, having long resisted Lennon and Harrison's insistence that he join them and Starr in experiencing its perception-heightening effects.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. Gould adds that McCartney's succumbing to peer pressure allowed Lennon "to play the role of psychedelic guide" to his songwriting partner, thereby facilitating a closer collaboration between the two than had been Donovan - Mellow Yellow since early in the Beatles' career. His anxiety over his and the Beatles' future was reflected in " Strawberry Fields Good Morning - Various - Sgt.
Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band ",  a song that would provide the initial theme, regarding a Liverpool childhood, of the new album. In November, during his and Evans' return flight from Kenya, McCartney had an idea for a song that eventually formed the impetus of the Sgt. Paul said, "Why don't we make the album as though the Pepper band really existed, as though Sergeant Pepper was making the record? We'll dub in effects and things.
Ian MacDonald writes that when reviewing their rivals' recent work in Good Morning - Various - Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band the Beatles identified the most significant LP as the Beach Boys ' Pet Soundswhich Brian Wilsonthe band's leader, had created in response to the Beatles' Rubber Soul album. Pepper  although he said it lacked the avant-garde quality he was seeking.
McCartney envisioned the Beatles' alter egos being able to "do a bit of B. We are not only involved in pop music, but all music. Martin recalled that Sgt. Pepper "grew naturally out of Revolver ", marking "an era of almost continuous technological experimentation". Pepperthere was no absolute deadline for Back Fire - Various - Rock N Roll Versus Rhythm And Blues. According to the musicologist Walter EverettSgt.
Pepper marks the beginning of McCartney's ascendancy as the Beatles' dominant creative force. He wrote more than half of the album's material while asserting increasing control over the recording of his compositions. When the decision was made to re-record the basic track, Starr was summoned to the studio, but called off soon afterwards as the focus switched from rhythm to vocal tracking.
This approach afforded him the time to devise bass lines that were melodically adventurous — one of the qualities he especially admired in Wilson's work on Pet Sounds — and complemented the song's final arrangement. Although Harrison's role as lead guitarist was limited during the sessions, Everett considers that "his contribution to the album is strong in several ways.
Within an hour of completing the last overdubs on the album's songs, on 20 Aprilthe group returned to Harrison's " Only a Northern Song ", the basic track of which they had taped in February. Pepper was recorded using four-track equipment. Although eight-track tape recorders were available in the US, the first units were not operational in commercial studios in London until late Pepper recordings made extensive use of reduction mixinga technique in which one to four tracks from one recorder are mixed and dubbed down onto a master four-track machine, enabling the engineers to give the group a virtual multitrack studio.
The production on "Strawberry Fields Forever" was especially complex, involving the innovative splicing of two takes that were recorded in different tempos and pitches.
Pepper is Martin and Emerick's liberal use of Good Morning - Various - Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band processing to shape the sound of the recording, which included the application of dynamic range compressionreverberation and signal limiting.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Duchi Meringue / El Perico - Swissair-Musik, Kurt Brogli - Fly Away " was the first example of the Beatles recording via direct injection DIwhich Townsend devised as a method for plugging electric guitars directly into the recording console.
Some of the mixing employed automatic double tracking ADTa system that uses tape recorders to create a simultaneous doubling of a sound. ADT was invented by Townsend during the Revolver sessions in especially for the Beatles, who had regularly expressed a desire for a technical alternative to having to record doubled lead vocals. During the recording of Lennon's vocals, the tape speed was reduced from 50 cycles per second to 45, which produced a higher and thinner-sounding track when played back at the normal speed.
MacDonald Good Morning the new recording technique with creating a "three-dimensional" sound that, along with other Beatles innovations, engineers in the US would soon adopt as standard practice.
Pepper was the first pop album to be mastered without the momentary gaps that are typically placed between tracks as a point of demarcation. Author Robert Rodriguez writes that while Lennon, Harrison and Starr embraced the creative freedom afforded by McCartney's band-within-a-band idea, they "went along with the concept with varying degrees of enthusiasm".
Pepper became "an assembly process" whereby, "A lot of the time it ended up with just Paul playing the piano and Ringo keeping the tempo, and we weren't allowed to play as a band as much. After finishing Sgt. Pepperthe Beatles took an acetate disc of the album to the American singer Cass Elliot 's flat off Good Morning - Various - Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band Road in Chelseawhere at six in the morning they played it at full volume with speakers set in open window frames.
The group's friend and former press agent, Derek Taylorremembered that residents of the neighbourhood opened their windows and listened without complaint to what they understood to be unreleased Beatles music.
Pepperaccording to American musicologist Allan F. Moore, is composed mainly of rock and pop musicwhile Michael Hannan and Naphtali Wagner both believed it is an album of various genres; Hannan said it features "a broad variety of musical and theatrical genres".
Pepper as " proto-progressive ". Concerns that some of the lyrics in Sgt. Pepper refer to recreational drug use led to the BBC banning several songs from British radio, such as "A Day in the Life" because of the phrase "I'd love to turn you on", with the BBC claiming that it could "encourage a permissive attitude towards drug-taking.
The author Sheila Whiteley attributes Sgt. Good Morning 's underlying philosophy not only to the drug culturebut also to metaphysics and the non-violent approach of the flower power movement. Pepper 's lyrics, identifying loss of innocence and the dangers of overindulgence in fantasies or illusions as the most prominent themes. Pepper opens with the title trackstarting with 10 seconds of the combined sounds of a pit orchestra warming up and an audience waiting for a concert, creating the illusion of the album as a live performance.
Womack credits the recording's use of a brass ensemble with distorted electric guitars as an early example of rock fusion. McCartney acts as the master Good Morning - Various - Sgt. Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band ceremonies near the end of the "Sgt. Despite widespread suspicion that the title of " Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds " contained a hidden reference to LSD, Lennon insisted that it was derived from a pastel drawing by his four-year-old son Julian. A hallucinatory chapter from Lewis Carroll 's novel Through the Looking-Glassa favourite of Lennon's, inspired the song's atmosphere.
The first verse begins with what Womack characterises as "an invitation in the form of an imperative" through the line: "Picture yourself in a boat on a river", and continues with imaginative imagery, including "tangerine trees", "rocking horse people" and "newspaper taxis". MacDonald considers " Getting Better " to contain "the most ebullient performance" on Sgt. I couldn't express myself and I hit".
MacDonald characterises the intro as "blithely unorthodox", with two staccato guitars — one panned left and one right — playing the dominant against the subdominant of an F major ninth chord, with the tonic C resolving as the verse begins. The dominant, which acts as a droneis reinforced through the use of octaves played on a bass guitar and plucked on piano strings.
Womack interprets the lyric to " Fixing a Hole " as "the speaker's search for identity among the crowd", in particular the "quests for consciousness and connection" that differentiate individuals from society as a whole. In Everett's view, the lyrics to " She's Leaving Home " address the problem of alienation "between disagreeing peoples", particularly those distanced from each other by the generation gap. Pepper that eschews the use of guitars and drums, featuring a string nonet with a harp and drawing comparison with " Yesterday " and " Eleanor Rigby ", which use a string quartet and octet respectively.
Lennon adapted the lyric for " Being for the Benefit of Mr. The track features a tempo rubato that is without precedent in the Beatles' catalogue. You were supposed to hear the audience anyway, as they listen to Sergeant Pepper's Show. That was the style of the album. MacDonald characterises McCartney's "When I'm Sixty-Four" as a song "aimed chiefly at parents", borrowing heavily from the English music hall style of George Formbywhile invoking images of the illustrator Donald McGill 's "seaside postcards".
Womack characterises " Lovely Rita " as a work of "full-tilt Good Morning that contrasts sharply with the preceding track. The track uses the bluesy mixolydian mode in A, which Everett credits with "perfectly express[ing] Lennon's grievance against complacency". The hard-rocking song was written after the Beatles' assistant, Neil Aspinall, suggested that since "Sgt.
Pepper" opened the album, the fictional band should make an appearance near the end. As the last chord of the "Sgt. Pepper" reprise plays, an acoustic guitar strumming offbeat quavers begins, [nb 18] introducing what Moore describes as "one of the most harrowing songs ever written". The first crescendo serves as a segue between the third verse and the middle part, leading to a bridge known as the "dream sequence". The idea to use an orchestra was McCartney's; he drew inspiration from Cage and Stockhausen.
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