Label: Totem Records - 1039 • Format: Vinyl LP, Compilation, Mono • Country: US • Genre: Jazz •
Hoagland Howard " Hoagy " Carmichael November 22, — December 27, was an American singer, songwriter, and actor. American composer and author Alec Wilder described Carmichael as the "most talented, inventive, משירת ספרד - חברי הגושרים וילדיה* - עד כה and jazz-oriented of all the great craftsmen" of pop songs in the first half of the 20th century.
Carmichael composed several hundred songs, including 50 that achieved hit record status. He is best known for composing the music for " Stardust ", " Georgia on My Mind " lyrics by Stuart Gorrell" The Nearness of You ", and " Heart and Soul " in collaboration with lyricist Frank Loesserfour of the most-recorded American songs of all time.
Carmichael also appeared as a character actor and musical performer in 14 films, hosted three musical-variety radio programs, performed on television, and wrote two autobiographies.
His parents named him after a Sandy - Various - Saint-Germain Des-Prés Café Paris troupe called the "Hoaglands" that had stayed at the Carmichael house during his Final Fantasy - Mr. O.K* - Psytisfaction 5 pregnancy.
Hoagy spent most of his early Baltimore Oriole - Hoagy Carmichael - 1944-45 V-Disc Sessions in Bloomington and in IndianapolisIndiana. Carmichael's mother taught him to sing and play the piano at an early age. With the exception of some piano lessons in Indianapolis with Baltimore Oriole - Hoagy Carmichael - 1944-45 V-Disc Sessions DuVallea bandleader and pianist known as "the elder statesman of Indiana jazz" and billed as "the Rhythm King", Carmichael had no other musical training.
The family moved to Indianapolis inbut Carmichael returned to Bloomington in to complete high school. At 18, Carmichael helped supplement his family's meager income by working manual jobs in construction, at a bicycle-chain factory, and in a slaughterhouse. The bleak time was partly relieved by piano duets with his mother and by his friendship with DuValle, who taught him piano-jazz improvisation.
The death of Carmichael's three-year-old sister in affected him deeply. He later wrote "My sister Joanne—the victim of poverty. Carmichael attended Indiana University in Bloomington, where he earned a bachelor's degree in and a law degree in He was a member of the Kappa Sigma fraternity, and played the piano around Indiana and Ohio with his band, Carmichael's Collegians.
Around Carmichael first met Leon "Bix" Beiderbeckea cornetist and sometime pianist from Iowa. The two became friends and played music together.
The song became a jazz staple. Mitchell Parish 's lyrics were added in After graduating from IU's law school inCarmichael moved to Floridawhere he worked as a law clerk in a West Palm Beach legal firm, but he returned to Indiana in after failing the Florida bar exam.
Carmichael composed several hundred songs, including fifty that achieved hit-record status during his long career.
While Carmichael was living in New York City —he wrote songs that were intended to stand alone, independent of any other production, such as a theatrical performance or a motion picture.
His songs from this period continued to include jazz influences. During his later years in California —Carmichael's songs were predominately instrumentals. Nearly four dozen were written expressly for, or were incorporated into, motion pictures. Carmichael made hundreds of recordings between and his death in He also appeared on radio and television and in motion pictures and live performances, where he demonstrated his versatility.
Because Carmichael lacked the vocal strength to sing without amplification on stage, as well as the unusual tone of his voice, which he described as "flatsy through the nose," he took advantage of new technologies, especially the electrical microphone, sound amplification, and advances in recording.
As a singer-pianist, Carmichael was adept at selling his songs to lyricists, music publishers, film producers, and promoting them to the public via microphones on stage and in mass media. On October 31,Carmichael recorded " Star Dust ," one of his most famous songs, at the Gennett Records studio in Richmond, Indiana, playing the piano solo himself.
It became a hit song, the first of many for Carmichael. Carmichael received more recognition after Paul Whiteman and his orchestra recorded " Washboard Blues " on Victor Records in Chicago in Novemberwith Carmichael singing and playing the piano. Inafter realizing that he preferred making music and had no aptitude for or interest in becoming a lawyer he was fired from his job at the law firmCarmichael moved to New York City, where he worked for a brokerage firm during the weekdays and spent his evenings composing music, including some songs for Hollywood musicals.
After the October stock market crash, Carmichael's hard-earned savings declined substantially. Fortunately, Louis Armstrong had recorded " Rockin' Chair " at Okeh studios ingiving Carmichael a badly needed financial and career boost. The song became one of Carmichael's jazz standards. The song became another jazz staple, as well as a pop standard, especially after World War II. Although Carmichael and the band he assembled had first recorded "Stardust" as an instrumental inBing Crosby recorded the tune with Mitchell Parish's lyrics in The following year he began working as a songwriter for Ralph Peer 's Southern Music Company, the first Baltimore Oriole - Hoagy Carmichael - 1944-45 V-Disc Sessions firm to occupy the new Brill Buildingwhich became a famous New York songwriting mecca.
The Great Depression rapidly put an end to the jazz scene of the Roaring Twenties. People were no longer attending clubs or buying music, forcing many musicians out of work. Carmichael was fortunate to retain his low-paying but stable job as a songwriter with Southern Music. Beiderbecke's early death in also darkened Carmichael's mood. The boys were losing their enthusiasm for The Mystery Song - Duke Ellington - The Indispensable Duke Ellington Volumes 3/4 hot stuff….
Baltimore Oriole - Hoagy Carmichael - 1944-45 V-Disc Sessions more hot licks, no more thrills. Carmichael's eulogy for "hot" jazz, however, was premature. Big-band swing was just around the corner, and jazz soon turned in another direction with new bandleaders, such as the Dorseys and Benny Goodmanand new singers, such as Bing Crosbyleading the way. Carmichael's output followed the changing trend.
In he began a long-lasting collaboration with lyricist Johnny Mercernewly arrived in New York, on " Lazybones ", which became a hit.
Southern Music published the sheet music in ; more thancopies were sold in three months. Carmichael also began to emerge as a solo singer-performer, first at parties, then professionally. He described his unique, laconic voice as sounding "the way a shaggy dog looks. In Carmichael left Southern Music Company and began composing songs for a division of Warner Brothersestablishing his connection with Hollywood. Following his marriage to Ruth Mary Meinardi, the daughter of a Presbyterian minister, on March 14,the couple moved to Californiawhere Carmichael hoped to find more work in the film industry.
Carmichael found work as a character actor in Hollywood. Carmichael portrayed a piano player and performed his song "Old Man Moon" in the film. Carmichael also continued to write individual songs. His song "Chimes of Indiana" was presented to Indiana University, Carmichael's alma materin as a gift from the class of After a simpler version became a popular piano duet among American children.
The musical opened in and ran only three weeks,  producing no hit songs. Carmichael never attempted another musical, resuming his career as a singer-songwriter and character actor in Hollywood. The growing Carmichael family, which included Hoagy, Ruth, and their sons, Hoagy Bix born in and Randy Bob born inmoved I Want Your Body - Bobby Thurston - You Got What It Takes the former mansion of chewing-gum heir William P.
Wrigley, Jr. Brown"Johnny Mercer " G. Throughout the s Carmichael maintained a strong personal and professional relationship with Mercer. In later their continuing collaboration led to " Skylark ", considered one of Carmichael's greatest songs.
Bing Crosby recorded it almost immediately in January Carmichael appeared as an actor in 14 motion pictures, performing at least one of his songs in each. He described his on-screen persona as the "hound-dog-faced old musical philosopher noodling on the honky-tonk piano, saying to a tart with a heart of gold: 'He'll be back, honey.
He's all man. He also composed several songs for the film, including "Ole Buttermilk Sky," an Academy Award nominee. Carmichael's career as a recording artist peaked in the mids when he recorded exclusively for Decca Records and V-Disc the Armed Forces label for service personnel overseasBaltimore Oriole - Hoagy Carmichael - 1944-45 V-Disc Sessions and performed in motion pictures, and hosted variety shows on the radio.
His perfectionism extended to his clothes, grooming, and eating. Once the work was done, however, Carmichael would cut loose—relax, play golf, drink, and indulge in the Hollywood high life. Between andCarmichael became a well-known radio personality and hosted three musical-variety programs.
Pacific timesponsored by Safeway supermarkets. Produced by Walter Snow, the show featured Carmichael as host and vocalist. Fans were rather blunt about Carmichael's singing, providing comments such as "you cannot sing for your Experiment 5 - Lab Technology - Rhythm Science E.P. and "your singing is so delightfully awful that it is really funny".
During the s the public's musical preferences shifted toward rhythm and blues and rock and roll, ending the careers of most older artists. Carmichael's songwriting career also slowed down, but he continued to perform. In the early s variety shows were particularly popular on television. Carmichael's most notable appearance was as the host of Saturday Night Review in Junea summer replacement series for Your Show of Shows.
As his songwriting career started to fade, Carmichael's marriage also dissolved. He and his wife Ruth divorced in The Johnny Appleseed SuiteCarmichael's second classical work for orchestra, suffered the same Baltimore Oriole - Hoagy Carmichael - 1944-45 V-Disc Sessions fate as his earlier attempt, Brown County Autumn.
The suite received little notice and only limited success,  but Carmichael remained financially secure due to the royalties from his past hits. Ray Charles 's classic rendition of " Georgia 4e Mouvement: Allegro - Ludwig van Beethoven - Orchestre De Concertgebouw DAmsterdam* Dir.
Erich Kl My Mind ," released on August 19,was a major hit. Carmichael took up other interests in retirement such as golf, coin collecting, and enjoying his two homes, one on Sunset Boulevard in Los Angeles and the other in Rancho Mirage, California.
As he passed his 70th birthday, Carmichael's star continued to wane and was nearly forgotten in a world dominated by rock music. Carmichael received several honors from the music industry in his later years. National Public Radio broadcast the concert later that summer. Afterward, Carmichael said that he wrote it because he admired Beiderbecke's writing "so much that I didn't want to quit until I wrote something that was a little bit like something Bix might have liked.
On his 80th birthday, Carmichael was reflective, observing, "I'm a bit disappointed in myself. I know I could have accomplished a hell of a lot more I could write anything any time I wanted to. But I let other things get in the way I've been floating around in the breeze. Carmichael sang and played "Rockin' Chair" on the piano.
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