Label: Weba Tonstudio - CD 9785-2 • Format: CD Album • Country: Switzerland • Genre: Jazz • Style: Dixieland
He was particularly recognized for his playing style and his pioneering use of mutes in jazz. He was the mentor and teacher of Louis Armstrong. His influence was such that Armstrong claimed, "if it had not been for Joe Oliver, Jazz would not be what it is today. He first studied the trombone, then changed to cornet.
From to he played cornet in New Orleans brass bands and dance bands and in the city's red-light district, which came to be known as Storyville. A band he co-led with trombonist Kid Ory was considered one of Dippermouth Blues - Full Steam Jazzband - Ready For Dixie best and Keep On - Shawn Phillips - Second Contribution in New Orleans in the late s.
According to an interview at Tulane University 's Hogan Jazz Archive with Oliver's widow Estella, a fight broke out at a dance where Oliver was playing, and the police arrested him, his band, and the fighters. After Storyville closed, he moved to Chicago in with his wife and step-daughter, Ruby Tuesday Oliver.
In the summer Various - We Are The World he took a group to the West Coast, playing engagements in San Francisco and Oakland, California. In the mids Oliver enlarged his band to nine musicians, performing under the name King Oliver and his Dixie Syncopators, and began using more written arrangements with jazz solos.
In the band went to New York, but he disbanded it to do freelance jobs. In the later s, he struggled with playing trumpet due to his gum disease, so he employed others to handle the solos, including his nephew Dave Nelson, Louis Metcalf, and Red Allen. He reunited the band inrecording for Victor Talking Machine Company one year later. He continued with modest success until a downturn in the economy made it more difficult to find bookings.
His periodontitis made playing the trumpet difficult. He quit playing music in As a player, Oliver took great interest in altering his horn's sound.
He pioneered the use of mutes, including the rubber plumber's plunger, derby hat, bottles and cups. His favorite mute was a small metal mute made by the C.
Conn Instrument Company, with which he played his famous solo on his composition the "Dippermouth Blues" an early nickname for fellow cornetist Louis Armstrong. His recording "Wa Fuckin Beauty!
- The Fabulous Zarsoff Bros. - Rude Awakening Wa" with the Dixie Syncopators can be credited with giving the name wah-wah to such techniques. Oliver performed mostly on cornet, but like many cornetists he switched to trumpet in the late s. A few years later Oliver summoned him to Chicago to play with his band.
Louis remembered Oliver as "Papa Joe" and considered him his idol and inspiration. I still think that if it had not been for Joe Oliver, Jazz would not be what it is today.
He was a creator in his own right. Oliver's business acumen was often less than his musical ability. A succession of managers stole money from him, and he tried to negotiate more money for his band than the Savoy Ballroom was willing to pay — losing the job. He lost the chance of an important engagement at New York City's famous Cotton Club when he held out for more money; young Duke Ellington took the job and subsequently catapulted to fame.
The Great Depression brought hardship to Oliver. He lost his life savings to a collapsed bank in Chicago, and he struggled to keep his band together through a series of hand-to-mouth gigs until the group broke up.
Oliver also had health problems, such as pyorrheaa gum disease that was partly caused by his love of sugar sandwiches and it made it very difficult for him to play  and he soon began delegating solos to younger players, but byhe could no longer play the trumpet at all.
Oliver died in poverty "of arteriosclerosistoo broke to afford treatment"  in a Savannah rooming house on April 8 or 10, Armstrong and other loyal musician friends were in attendance. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Joe King Oliver. Not to be confused with Oliver King. American jazz cornet player and Mea Culpa - Salim Seghers - Mooie Uren Mooie Dromen. Jazz Dixieland.
Music portal. Ulan Press. New York Times. January 24, Retrieved 1 February Virgin Books. New York: Oxford University Press. Hal Leonard Corporation. Retrieved Encyclopedia of Jazz Musicians. Archived from the original on 18 October Retrieved 22 April King Oliver Kings of Jazz. Barnes; Perpetuap. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. In Dippermouth Blues - Full Steam Jazzband - Ready For Dixie projects Wikimedia Commons.
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