Label: Mercury - 6618 011 • Format: 2x, Vinyl LP, Sampler Gatefold Sleeve • Country: Germany • Genre: Folk, World, & Country • Style: Country
Country musicalso known as country and western or simply countryand hillbilly musicis a genre of popular music that originated in the Southern United States in the early s. Country music often consists of ballads and dance tunes with generally simple forms, folk lyrics, and harmonies mostly accompanied by string instruments such as banjoselectric and acoustic guitarssteel guitars such as pedal steels and dobrosand fiddles as well as harmonicas. According to Lindsey Starnes, the term country music gained popularity in the s in preference to the earlier term hillbilly music ; it came to encompass Western musicwhich evolved parallel to hillbilly music from similar roots, in the midth century.
In in the United States, country music was the most listened to rush hour radio Jackson - Various - The Legend Of Country & Western during the evening commute, and second most popular in the morning commute.
The term country music is used today to describe many styles and subgenres. Immigrants to the southern Appalachian Mountains of eastern North America brought the music and instruments of Europe along with them for nearly years.
Jackson - Various - The Legend Of Country & Western music was "introduced Τούλα Κανελάκη - Αγάπη Μου / Σαν Ανοιξιάτικη Πνοή the world as a Southern phenomenon. The U.
Congress has formally recognized Bristol, Tennessee as the "Birthplace of Country Music",  based on the historic Bristol recording sessions of Before these, pioneer settlers, in the Great Smoky Mountains region, had developed a rich musical heritage. The first generation emerged in the early s, with Atlanta's music scene playing a major role in launching country's earliest recording artists.
James Gideon "Gid" Tanner June 6, — May 13, was an American old-time fiddler and one of the earliest stars of what would come to be known as country music.
His band, the Skillet Lickers, was one of the most innovative and influential string bands of the s and s. During the second generation s—sradio became a popular source of entertainment, and "barn dance" shows featuring country music were started all over the South, as far north as Chicago, and as far west as California. During the s and s, cowboy songs, or Western music, which had been recorded since the s, were popularized by films made in Hollywood, many featuring the king of the "singing cowboys", Gene Autry.
Bob Wills was another country musician from the Lower Jackson - Various - The Legend Of Country & Western Plains who had become very popular as the leader of a " hot string band ," and who also appeared Two To The Chest - Breed - Breed Hollywood westerns. His mix of country and jazzwhich started out as dance hall music, would become known as Western swing.
Wills was one of the first country musicians known to have added an electric guitar to his band, in Gospel music remained a popular component of country music.
Another type of stripped-down and raw music with a variety of moods and a basic ensemble of guitar, bass, dobro or steel guitar and later drums became popular, especially among poor whites in Texas and Oklahoma. It became known as honky tonkand had its roots in Western swing and the ranchera music of Mexico and the border states. By the early s a blend of Western swing, country boogie, and honky tonk was played by most country bands.
Rockabilly was most popular with country fans in the s, and could be called the year of rockabilly in country music, with Johnny Cash emerging as one of the most popular and enduring representatives of the rockabilly genre; rockabilly was also a starting point for eventual rock-and-roll superstar Elvis Presleywho would return to his country roots near the end of his life.
Beginning in the mids, and reaching its peak during the early s, the Nashville sound turned country music into a multimillion-dollar industry centered in Nashville, Tennessee ; Patsy Cline and Jim Reeves were two of the most broadly popular Nashville sound artists, and their deaths in separate plane crashes in the early s were a factor in the genre's decline. The late s in American music produced a unique blend as a result of traditionalist backlash within separate genres.
In the aftermath of the British Invasionmany desired a return to the "old values" of rock n' roll. At the same time there was a lack of enthusiasm in the country sector for Nashville-produced music. What resulted was a crossbred genre known as country rock. Fourth generation s—s music included outlaw country with roots in the Bakersfield soundand country pop with roots in the countrypolitanfolk music and soft rock.
During the early s country artists continued to see their records perform well on the pop charts. In a style of "neocountry disco music" was popularized. During the mids a group of new artists began to emerge who rejected the more polished country-pop sound that had been prominent on radio and the charts in favor of more traditional "back-to-basics" production; this neotraditional movement would dominate country music through the late s and was typified by the likes Im Just Me - Charley Pride - The Best Of Charley Pride George Strait.
Attempts to combine punk and country were pioneered by Jason and the Scorchersand in the s Southern Californian cowpunk scene with bands like the Long Ryders and Mojo Nixon. During the fifth generation scountry music became a worldwide phenomenon. Two types of artists enjoyed mainstream popularity: neotraditionalists such as Alan Jacksonand the more broadly popular stadium country acts, in particular Garth Brooks. The Dixie Chicks became one of the most popular country bands in the s and early s.
The sixth generation s—present has seen a certain amount of diversification in regard to country music styles. The influence of rock music in country has become more overt during the late s and early s. Most of the best-selling country songs of this era were in the country pop genre, such as those by Lady AntebellumFlorida Georgia LineCarrie Underwood and Taylor Swift.
The first commercial recording of what is widely considered to be the first country song featuring vocals and lyrics was Fiddlin' John Carson with " Little Log Cabin in the Lane " for Okeh Records in June 14, Vernon Dalhart was the first country singer to have a nationwide hit in May with " Wreck of the Old 97 ".
Jimmie Rodgers and the Carter Family are widely considered to be important early country musicians. From Scott County, Virginiathe Carters had learned sight reading of hymnals and sheet music using solfege.
Rodgers fused hillbilly country, gospel, jazz, blues, pop, cowboy, and folk, and many of his best songs were his compositions, including "Blue Yodel",  which sold over a million records and established Rodgers as the premier singer of early country music.
Record sales declined during the Great Depressionbut radio became a popular source of entertainment, and "barn dance" shows featuring country music were started by radio stations all over the South, as far north as Chicago, and as far west as California. WSM's 50,watt signal in could often be heard across the country. Moon Mullicanfor example, played Western swing but also recorded songs that can be called rockabilly.
Between andcountry crooner Eddy Arnold placed eight songs in the top In the s and s, cowboy songs, or Western music, which had been recorded since the s, were popularized by films made in Hollywood. Cowgirls contributed to the sound in various family groups. This would begin a movement toward opportunities for women to have successful solo careers.
Spade Cooley and Tex Williams also had very popular bands and appeared in films. At its height, Western swing rivaled the Syntone - Connected To The World / Cest Syntone Jackson - Various - The Legend Of Country & Western big band swing music.
Drums were scorned by early country musicians as being "too loud" and "not pure", but by Western swing big band leader Bob Wills had added drums to the Texas Playboys.
In the mids, the Grand Ole Opry did not want the Playboys' drummer to appear on stage. Although drums were commonly used by rockabilly groups bythe less-conservative-than-the-Grand-Ole-Opry Louisiana Hayride kept its infrequently used drummer back stage as late as By the early s, however, it was rare for a country band not to have a drummer.
For several decades Nashville session players preferred the warm tones of the Gibson and Gretsch archtop electrics, but Youre Gettin A Little Too Smart - Detroit Emeralds - Youre Gettin A Little Too Smart "hot" Fender style, using guitars which became available beginning in the early s, eventually prevailed as the signature guitar sound of country.
Country musicians began recording boogie inshortly after it had been played at Carnegie Hallwhen Johnny Barfield recorded "Boogie Woogie". The trickle of what was initially called hillbilly boogie, or okie boogie later to be renamed country boogiebecame a flood beginning in late One notable release from this Jackson - Various - The Legend Of Country & Western was The Delmore Brothers ' "Freight Train Boogie", considered to be part of the combined evolution of country music and blues towards rockabilly.
The hillbilly boogie period lasted into the s and remains one of many subgenres of country into the 21st century. That was the ordination of bluegrass music and how Bill Monroe became to Colour Of My Mind - The Attack - Complete Recordings 1967-68 known as the "Father of Bluegrass.
Red Foleythe biggest country star following World War II, had one of the first million-selling gospel hits " Peace in the Valley " and also sang boogie, blues and rockabilly. In the post-war period, country music was called "folk" in the trades, and "hillbilly" within the industry. Another type of stripped down and raw music with a variety of moods and a basic ensemble of guitar, bass, dobro or steel The Way I Am - Various - Hip Hop 2 and later Dobro Mi Došel, Prijatel - Vice Vukov - Sve Najbolje 1 became popular, especially among poor whites in Texas and Oklahoma.
It became known as honky tonk and had its roots in Western swing and the ranchera music of Mexico and the border states, particularly Texas, together with the blues of the American South. Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys personified this music which has been described as "a little bit of this, and a little bit of that, a little bit of black and a little bit of white Williams' influence in particular would prove to be enormous, inspiring many of the pioneers of Jackson - Various - The Legend Of Country & Western and roll,  such as Elvis Presley and Jerry Lee Lewisas well as Chuck Berry and Ike Turnerwhile providing a framework for emerging honky tonk talents like George Jones.
Webb Pierce was the top-charting country artist of the s, with 13 of his singles spending weeks at number one. He charted 48 singles during the decade; 31 reached the top ten and 26 reached the top four. By the early s, a blend of Western swing, country boogie, and honky tonk was played by most country bands.
Western music, influenced by the cowboy ballads and Tejano music rhythms of the southwestern U. Inthe first all-country radio station was established in Lubbock, Texas. The main concern was politics: the folk revival was largely driven by progressive activists, a stark contrast to the culturally conservative audiences of country music.
Only a handful of folk artists, such as Burl IvesJohn Denver and Canadian musician Gordon Lightfootwould cross over into country music after the folk revival died out. During the mids a new style of country music became popular, eventually to be referred to as rockabilly. The music of the s and s targeted the American working class, and truckers in particular.
As country radio became more popular, trucking songs like the hit song Six Days on the Road by Dave Dudley began to make up their own subgenre of country. These revamped songs sought to portray American truckers as a "new folk hero", marking a significant shift in sound from Jackson - Various - The Legend Of Country & Western country music.
The song was written by actual truckers and contained numerous references to the trucker culture of the time like "ICC" for Interstate Commerce Commission and "little white pills" as a reference to amphetamines. Rockabilly was most popular with country fans in the s, and could be called the year of rockabilly in country music. Rockabilly was an early form of rock and rollan upbeat combination of blues and country music. The program showcased top stars including several rockabilly artists, some from the Ozarks.
As Webb Pierce put it in"Once upon a time, it was almost impossible to sell country music in a place like New York City. Nowadays, television takes us everywhere, and country music records and sheet music sell as well in large cities as anywhere else. The Country Music Association was founded inin part because numerous country musicians were appalled by the increased influence of rock Brenda - Captain Sensible - Glad Its All Over / Damned On 45 roll on country music.
Beginning in the mids, and reaching its peak during the early s, the Nashville sound turned country music into a multimillion-dollar industry centered in Nashville, Tennessee. Under You Can Depend On Me - Tony Bennett & k.d.
lang - A Wonderful World direction of producers such as Chet AtkinsBill PorterPaul CohenOwen BradleyBob Fergusonand later Billy Sherrillthe sound brought country music to a diverse audience and helped revive country as it emerged from a commercially fallow period. This subgenre was notable for borrowing from s pop stylings: a prominent and smooth vocal, backed by a string section violins and other orchestral strings and vocal chorus. Instrumental soloing was de-emphasized in favor of trademark "licks".
The "slip note" piano style of session musician Floyd Cramer was an important component of this style. By the mids, the genre had developed into countrypolitan. Countrypolitan was aimed straight at mainstream markets, and it sold well throughout the later s into the early s.
InRay Charles surprised the pop world by turning his attention to country and western music, topping the charts and rating number three for the year on Billboard's pop chart  with the " I Can't Stop Loving You " single, and recording the landmark album Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music.
It relied on electric instruments and amplification, in particular the Telecaster electric guitar, more than other subgenres of the country music of the era, and it can be described as having a sharp, hard, driving, no-frills, edgy flavor—hard guitars and honky-tonk harmonies.
Ken Nelsonwho had produced Owens and Haggard and Rose Maddox became interested in the trucking song subgenre following the success of Six Days on the Road and asked Red Simpson to record an album of trucking songs. Haggard's White Line Fever was also part of the trucking subgenre. By the late s, Western music, Golden Boil (On My Penis) - The Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band* - Do The Bonzo!
The Unreleased Works In Pro particular the cowboy ballad, was in decline.
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